nice -n 19 find . -type f \( -iname “*.php” -o -iname “*.js” -o -iname “*.inc” \) -print0 | xargs -0 tar rvf dev$(date ‘+%d-%m-%Y’).tar
I had terrible trouble getting this to work the tar wasn’t capturing all the files I eventually found out that I required the print0 and the xargs -0. This would have been trivial with zsh but I didn’t have it this server.
Why the selective backup? because there are huge images and PDFs etc which would have slowed down the backup enormously.
I have been working on a laptop a lot recently but it was bugging me that I didn’t have the * key on its own key as you do on a full size keyboard. I realized that I wasn’t using the function keys F1 to F12 at the shell level but didn’t know how to configure. Now my situation is a little complicated as I’m using zsh on cygwin on a Windows 7 PC.
Now I’m used to using bindkey to launch widgets eg control-O to duplicate previous word on the command line , and control-L the hyper-useful suspend current command line entry to allow execution of a single command ie do a quick ls or change a permission etc.
here they are:-
bindkey -M viins ‘^O’ copy-prev-shell-word # copy previous shell word
bindkey ‘^L’ push-line # push current command into a buffer,
These use built-in widgets however the really clever amongst can develop their own.
Anyway I just wanted to reprogram the function keys to output another character or string. I posted a question into the zsh newsgroup and quickly got a reply. I needed the -s option
What you have to do, type the following at your prompt yes actually type Control-V followed by F7
> bindkey -s “^vF7” “ls -l” # replace the ls -l with whatever you like
Now heres the rub, what you actually see generated is (will vary from system to system)
bindkey -s “^[[18~” ‘ls -l’
this is what you must copy and paste into your shell startup file
This is actually simple enough for me to type these from the CLI for a short-term use. Boy am I going to enjoy using bindkey!
I’ve never got the hang of popd & pushd they seemed a bit pointless. zsh however has extended their abilities eg:-
> dirs -v # number and list your recent directories one per line
> cd ~5 # cd to directory 5 in the directory stack
> cd -<tab> # the tab complete lists the directory stack then type a digit to select the one you require (saves you having to do a dirs -v in the first place
I have to work in very complicated directory structures so this will be fantastically useful.
#don’t forget the zsh cd substitute command
> cd olddir newdir
eg you are in
> cd live test